1.- Geotechnical Exploration: This is an important step in any structural and civil engineering project. It is a process where a civil or geotechnical engineer examines soils' physical and chemical properties to assess their suitability for a particular project. This type of investigation is often done to determine the stability and permeability of soils and the depth of any groundwater present. Moreover, this process allows the civil/structural engineer to make informed decisions on the type of foundation that needs to be constructed and the construction materials required.
Even further, the results of a geotechnical exploration can be used to determine the best way to construct the foundations and other structures for a particular project. It can also be used to identify potential problems or hazards, such as soil instability, groundwater, or excessive moisture content.
Geotechnical explorations can be conducted in a variety of ways. Standard techniques include core sampling and in-situ testing. Core sampling involves taking a soil sample from the ground and analyzing it in a laboratory to determine its composition, density, and other important engineering characteristics. In-situ testing consists of testing the soil directly at the construction site. This can be done with various instruments, such as Field Vane Test, Cone Penetration Test, and Standard Penetration Test to name a few.
2.- Land Surveying: In the simplest form, Land surveying allows you to understand your land boundaries. A survey is performed to locate, describe, monument, and map the boundaries and corners of a parcel of land. It might also include the topography of the parcel, the location of buildings, and other improvements made to the parcel.
Surveying services encompass a variety of applications, including, but not limited to, land boundaries, developing contours based on ground surface elevations, staking out construction structures, and ALTA surveys.